Water quality

Water

Evaporative cooling occurs with the evaporation of a small portion of water. The rising concentration of dissolved solids, means further airborne impurities and biological contaminants enter the recirculating water, as the evaporative cooler ‘washes the air’.

Failure to control these impurities and contaminants will see them cause scaling, corrosion, sludge or biological fouling. For optimal heat transfer efficiency, maximum service life and minimized operating costs, the quality of the make-up and recirculating water must be ensured. You can find the water quality guidelines for all BAC material options in the paragraph "Water quality" of BAC's application guidelines.

Good water care is also vital for avoiding harmful bacterial proliferation, including legionella, in the recirculating water. BAC offers automatic water treatment packages or filtration systems to control corrosion, scaling, fouling and microbiological growth.

 

Circulated water quality guidelines

Baltiplus Protection

pH 6.5 to 9.0
pH during initial passivation below 8.2
Total hardness (as CaCO3) 50 to 600 mg/l
Total alkalinity (as CaCO3) 500 mg/l max.
Total dissolved solids 1500 mg/l max.
Conductivity

2400 µS/cm

Chlorides 250 mg/l max.
Sulfates* 250 mg/l max.*
Total suspendid solids 25 mg/l max.
Chlorination (as free chlorine/halogen):
continuous
1 mg/l max.
Chlorination (as free chlorine/halogen):
batch dosing for cleaning & disinfection
5-15 mg/l max. for 6 hours max.
25 mg/l max. for 2 hours max.
50 mg/l max. for 1 hour max.

 

 

Baltibond and SST 304L

pH 6.5 to 9.2
pH during initial passivation below 8.2 (for units with HDG coil only)
Total hardness (as CaCO3) 50 to 750 mg/l
Total alkalinity (as CaCO3) 600 mg/l max.
Total dissolved solids 2050 mg/l max.
Conductivity

3300 µS/cm

Chlorides 300 mg/l max.
Sulfates* 350 mg/l max.*
Total suspendid solids 25 mg/l max.
Chlorination (as free chlorine/halogen):
continuous
1 mg/l max.
Chlorination (as free chlorine/halogen):
batch dosing for cleaning & disinfection
5-15 mg/l max. for 6 hours max.
25 mg/l max. for 2 hours max.
50 mg/l max. for 1 hour max.

 

 

 Pre-cooler section for DFCV - DFCV-AD - DCV

pH 6.5 to 9.0
Total hardness (as CaCO3) 50 to 500 mg/l
Total alkalinity (as CaCO3) 500 mg/l max.
Total dissolved solids 1500 mg/l max.
Conductivity

1800 µS/cm

Chlorides 200 mg/l max.
Sulfates* 250 mg/l max.*
Total suspendid solids 25 mg/l max.

 

 

 

SST 304L and SST 316L
with HDG coil

SST 316L
(with SST 316L coil)

pH 6.5 to 9.2 6.5 to 9.5
pH during initial passivation below 8.2 (for units with HDG coil) not applicable
Total hardness (as CaCO3) 50 to 750 mg/l 750 mg/l max.
Total alkalinity (as CaCO3) 600 mg/l max. 600 mg/l max.
Total dissolved solids 2050 mg/l max. 2500 mg/l max.
Conductivity

3300 µS/cm

4000 µS/cm
Chlorides 300 mg/l max. 750 mg/l max.
Sulfates* 350 mg/l max.* 750 mg/l max.
Total suspendid solids 25 mg/l max. 25 mg/l max.
Chlorination (as free chlorine/halogen):
continuous
1.5 mg/l max. 2 mg/l max
Chlorination (as free chlorine/halogen):
batch dosing for cleaning & disinfection
5-15 mg/l max. for 6 hours max.
25 mg/l max. for 2 hours max.
50 mg/l max. for 1 hour max.
5-15 mg/l max. for 6 hours max.
25 mg/l max. for 2 hours max.
50 mg/l max. for 1 hour max.

 

* Higher concentrations of sulfates allowed provided the sum of chlorides +sulfates paramaters does not exceed 500 mg/l for Baltiplus, 650 mg/l for Baltibond/SST 304L and 1500 mg/l for SST 316L.
 
Note: For Ozone water treatment applications, stainless Steel 316L execution is required.

 

 


Contact your local BAC representative for more information.

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